Take the exam at one of the two below times, at the place designated for that time. You will be allowed to take up to 3 hours to complete your work, but my goal will be to design the exam to be easily completable in 2 hours.
December 15, 9:00 A.M., Luce 101 or
Dec. 21, 2:00 P.M, SPL 57
(Luce Hall is at 34 Hillhouse Ave., and Sloane Physics Lab is at 217 Prospect.)
The Final will consist of your answering all and only the following three questions. Answers must be written from memory, without the aid of books or notes.
1. Explain and compare the main features of the positions taken by Unger
(in “Free Will and Scientiphicalism”) and by van Inwagen (in Chapter 11 of
Metaphysics) on these questions: Is freedom compatible with determinism?
Is freedom compatible with indeterminism? Under what conditions are we
free? Are we free?
According to Unger, what does van Inwagen assume that makes
freedom more problematic?
2. Explain and compare the main features of the following writers’
responses to “the” problem of evil: Plantinga (in “God, Evil, and the
Metaphysics of Freedom”), Wykstra (in “The Humean Obstacle to Evidentialist
Arguments from Suffering”), Hick (in “Soul-Making and Suffering”) and M.
Adams (in “Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God”).
3. Explain and compare the main features of the following arguments for
the existence of God, as we have studied them: the ontological argument (in
both of the forms we have studied — Anselm’s version, and the “modal”
version), the cosmological argument, and the design argument as presented
by van Inwagen in Chapters 7 and 8 of Metaphysics. For each argument, also
explain the most pressing problem that it faces.