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I’ve been a member of the Yale Philosophy department since the fall of 1998.  I did my undergraduate work at Calvin College (1980-84), graduating with a major in philosophy, and did my graduate studies at UCLA, receiving my Ph.D. in philosophy in 1990.  I then taught in the philosophy departments at New York University (1990-1993) and at Rice University (1993-1998) before coming to Yale.  My primary areas of research and interest are epistemology (especially skepticism), philosophy of language (especially epistemological language and also conditionals), history of modern philosophy (especially Descartes, Berkeley, Hume, and Reid) and philosophy of religion (especially the problem of evil and religious epistemology).

  • For a complete list of my philosophical publications, and other info, see my CV: link , pdf.
  • For a list of my philosophy papers that are available on-line, click here.
  • Skepticism: A Contemporary Reader is an anthology of papers that Fritz Warfield and I edited for Oxford University Press.
I was a-trembling, because I’d got to decide, forever, betwixt two things, and I knowed it. I studied a minute, sort of holding my breath, and then says to myself: “All right, then, I’ll go to hell.” -Huckleberry Finn

I scanned this drawing, by E.W. Kemble, from the 1885 edition (New York: Charles L. Webster and Company) of Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, p. 271.  To see the other drawings by Kemble from the first edition (and another scanning of “Thinking”), see Virginia H. Cope’s Huckleberry Finn site at the University of Virginia.

Though I’m a philosopher by trade, I also have an interest in theology — though I seldom write about it. One exception: When I was leading an adult Sunday school class on the topic of universalism, I found myself with way too much to say to fit into the hour I was alotted, so I wrote up a quick “position piece” on the topic.  So those interested in some amateur theology can have a look at my “Universalism and the Bible”.

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