James Joyce Chronology, 1900-1922

Compiled by Daniel Jordan with the assistance of Sam Alexander, Jessica Svendsen, and Pericles Lewis primarily on the basis of Richard Ellmann’s biography. For more details on any of these events, visit the Modernism Lab database.

1900 Joyce, Nora’s courtship with Bodkin partly inspires “The Dead” 1900

Joyce, reading at University College, Dublin 1900 – 1901

Joyce writes a series of “epiphanies” 1900 – 1903

1902 Joyce registers for medical school April 1902

Joyce announces himself in Dublin literary circles August 1902

Joyce receives his University College degree October 31, 1902

Joyce first meets Yeats October 1902

Joyce begins medical school in Dublin October 1902

Lady Gregory invites Joyce, Yeats, and Yeats’s father to dinner November 4, 1902

Joyce applies to medical school in Paris November 18, 1902

Joyce writes Lady Gregory for help with medical school in Paris November 1902

Joyce leaves Ireland for the first time December 1, 1902

Yeats receives Joyce in London December 2, 1902

Joyce departs London for Paris December 2, 1902

Joyce first meets Oliver Gogarty December 1902

Yeats writes to Joyce about his potential 1902

George Joyce contracts typhoid fever then dies of peritonitis 1902 – March 9, 1902

1903 Joyce leaves Dublin for the second time and arrives in Paris January 17, 1903 – January 23, 1903

Joyce receives letter: “MOTHER DYING COME HOME FATHER.” April 10, 1903

Joyce departs Paris for Dublin for the second time April 11, 1903

Joyce’s mother dies, and James and Stanislaus refuse to kneel in prayer August 13, 1903

Joyce reviews again for the Daily Express then stops reviewing forever September 3, 1903 – November 19, 1903

Joyce’s attempt to start halfpenny daily newspaper fails November 19, 1903 – December 10, 1903

Joyce translates Maeterlinck and briefly holds sub-editorship at the Irish Bee-Keeper December 1903

1904 Joyce writes an autobiographical story entitled ‘A Portrait of the Artist’ January 7, 1904

Joyce’s ‘A Portrait’ rejected by both Eglinton and Ryan February 1904

Joyce decides the theme for ‘Stephen Hero’ February 1904

Joyce briefly pursues a singing career with lessons and a contest March 1904 – May 16, 1904

Joyce, a Chamber Music poem is written and published in the Saturday Review April 8, 1904 – May 1904

Joyce meets Nora Barnacle June 10, 1904

Joyce agrees to meet Nora again but she fails to appear June 14, 1904

Joyce’s second meeting with Barnacle and its significance to Bloomsday June 16, 1904

Joyce conceives of his Shakespeare-as-cuckold theory June 16, 1904

Joyce moves to the Martello tower at Sandycove September 9, 1904

Joyce writes to the Berlitz school in London about a position in Europe September 1904

Joyce and Nora arrive in London and then in Paris October 9, 1904

Joyce and Nora arrive in Zurich October 11, 1904

Joyce and Nora arrive in Trieste, Joyce briefly thrown in jail October 20, 1904

1905 Joyce sends all completed chapters of Stephen Hero to Stanislaus January 13, 1905

Joyce’s son Giorgio is born; he includes the ensuing slanderous scandal in Exiles July 27, 1905

Stanislaus leaves Dublin to join Joyce in Trieste October 20, 1905

Joyce sends an early version of Dubliners to Grant Richards for consideration December 3, 1905

1906 Joyce, Grant Richards signs a contract for Dubliners March 1906

Richards informs Joyce of changes in Dubliners April 23, 1906

Joyce asks Richards about the objections of the printer to ‘Two Gallants’ May 5, 1906

Richards agrees to include ‘Two Gallants’ June 1906

Joyce sends Richards a revised Dubliners manuscript July 9, 1906

Joyce arrives in Rome with Nora and Giorgio July 31, 1906
Richards claims he cannot publish Dubliners September 1906

Joyce consults a lawyer about Richards’s breach of contract September 1906

Joyce offers Dubliners to John Long November 20, 1906

1907 Joyce gives a lecture on Ireland at the Università del Popolo in Trieste April 27, 1907

Joyce hesitates before Stanislaus convinces him to publish Chamber Music April 1907

Joyce’s daughter Lucia is born July 26, 1907

Joyce comes down with rheumatic fever July 1907 – September 1907

Joyce finishes ‘The Dead’ during his illness, dictates ending to Stanislaus September 6, 1907 – September 20, 1907

Joyce tells Stanislaus how he plans to rewrite Stephen Hero September 8, 1907

Joyce quits the Scuola Berlitz and begins private English lessons September 1907 – October 1907

Joyce, Stanislaus writes on Joyce’s conception of his story ‘Ulysses’ November 10, 1907

Joyce, Mathews rejects second Dubliners manuscript November 1907

1908 Joyce criticizes Hamlet for its dramatic blunders February 6, 1908

Joyce rejects the psychological novel February 21, 1908

Joyce suffers his first attack of iritis May 1908

Joyce, Chamber Music doesn’t sell well and Joyce receives no royalties July 24, 1908 – 1913

Edward Arnold rejects second Dubliners manuscript July 1908

Nora’s miscarriage inspires Rudy, Bloom’s chief sorrow August 4, 1908

1909 Joyce meets Ettore Schmitz (Italo Svevo) January 1909 – February 1909

Joyce’s 1909 trip to Dublin provides the rough outlines of Exiles and Ulysses July 29, 1909 – September 9, 1909

Joyce signs a contract for Dubliners for Hone and Roberts August 19, 1909

Joyce departs from Dublin with Eva and Giorgio September 9, 1909

Joyce visits offices of the Evening Telegraph and uses visit in Aeolus September 1909

Joyce’s sciatica and iritis during his Dublin visit and right after in Trieste October 21, 1909 – February 1910

Joyce’s cinema, the Volta, opens and is reviewed in the Evening Telegraph December 20, 1909

Joyce’s early exposure to psychoanalysis 1909 – 1911

Joyce purchases three psychological pamphlets by Freud, Jones, and Jung 1909 – 1911

Joyce’s oldest sister Margaret becomes a nun 1909

1910 Joyce and Eileen Joyce depart for Trieste February 2, 1910

Joyce, Moses Dlugasz later used as the porkbutcher in the Calypso episode February 1910

1911 Joyce writes Roberts to confirm publication of Dubliners, Roberts postpones January 3, 1911

Roberts demands Joyce remove all references to Edward VII from ‘Ivy Day’ February 9, 1911

Joyce consults a solicitor about Maunsel & Co.’s breach of contract February 1911

Joyce writes Roberts about Dubliners, threatening to go to the press and the law July 10, 1911

Sinn Féin publishes in full Joyce’s open letter on Dubliners September 2, 1911

Eileen Joyce saves the partial Portrait manuscript from being burned 1911

1912 Joyce and Giorgio arrive in London before going on to Dublin July 14, 1912 – July 15, 1912

Joyce visits the graveyard in which he imagines Michael Furey buried August 1912

Roberts claims he will abandon Dubliners because of risk from libel suits August 1912

Joyce assists Price in telling Field about a cure for hoof and mouth disease August 1912 – September 1912

Joyce meets James Stephens August 1912

Joyce agrees to buy the sheets for Dubliners but cannot obtain them September 5, 1912

Joyce (with Nora and kids) leaves Dublin for Trieste (he doesn’t return) September 11, 1912

Joyce, the sheets for Dubliners are destroyed September 11, 1912

Joyce stops in London to offer Dubliners to two publishers September 12, 1912

Joyce delivers the first of twelve lectures on Hamlet November 11, 1912

1913 Pound writes Joyce to request some of his work for four publications December 15, 1913
1914 Joyce, Richards agrees to publish Dubliners January 29, 1914

Joyce sends Dubliners and the first chapter of A Portrait to Pound January 1914

Joyce, serial publication of A Portrait in the Egoist February 2, 1914 – September 1, 1915

Joyce asks Richards to preserve the dashes used as quotes in Dubliners March 4, 1914

Joyce, Dubliners is published in an edition of 1250 copies June 15, 1914

Installments of Joyce’s A Portrait interrupted by war August 4, 1914

Joyce, serial publication of A Portrait in the Egoist resumes November 1914

Joyce, four manuscript pages of A Portrait give an alternative ending 1914

1915 Stanislaus Joyce arrested in Trieste for his pro-Italian comments January 9, 1915

Stanislaus arrested and sent to detention center for the rest of WWI January 9, 1915

Joyce receives a letter from Pinker who becomes his agent February 10, 1915

Joyce signs an agreement with Pinker April 1915

Richards rejects A Portrait for publication May 18, 1915

Joyce tells Stanislaus about an early plan for Ulysses June 16, 1915

Joyce leaves Trieste for Zurich with his family June 1915

Joyce has written up to the ‘…first pages of the third episode…’ of Ulysses June 1915

Yeats asks the Royal Literary Fund for a grant for Joyce at Pound’s request July 6, 1915

Joyce discovers the Egoist has censored parts of A Portrait July 1915

Joyce, serial publication of A Portrait in the Egoist ends September 1, 1915

Weaver offers to have the Egoist publish A Portrait in book form November 30, 1915

Joyce begins Ulysses censorship by reading only parts to two female students 1915

Joyce writes Yeats, offering Exiles to the Abbey Theatre 1915 – 1917

Joyce asserts the similarity of the Jews and the Irish 1915

Joyce declares that there are two ways of thinking, the Greek and the Jewish 1915

Joyce, Pinker offers A Portrait to Duckworth, who holds it for several months 1915

Pound reads Exiles, his first reaction 1915

Pound approaches an American theater manager about Exiles 1915

Joyce receives a grant from the Royal Literary Fund 1915 – 1916

1916 Joyce receives a financial gift from Weaver for the serial publication of A Portrait January 14, 1916

Edward Garnett, Duckworth’s reader, rejects A Portrait; his report January 26, 1916

The Stage Society is ambivalent about Exiles January 27, 1916 – July 2, 1917

Pinker submits A Portrait to Laurie, who rejects it January 1916 – February 1916

Joyce receives an advance from Weaver for A Portrait February 1916 – March 1916

Seven printers have refused to print A Portrait; Pound’s desperate plan March 25, 1916

Huebsch writes Weaver expressing his desire to publish A Portrait June 16, 1916

Joyce receives anonymous small donations through Pound June 1916 – July 1916

Weaver informs Joyce that Huebsch had agreed to publish A Portrait July 19, 1916

Joyce receives a Civil List pension of £100 because of Yeats and Pound’s efforts August 1916

The papers for publication of A Portrait are signed October 1916

Huebsch publishes A Portrait in America December 29, 1916

Joyce, ignorance of classical Greek and his etymological theory on Homer 1916

Joyce (supposedly) meets Lenin at the Café Odéon 1916

Joyce keeps a notebook containing Nora’s dreams and his interpretations of them 1916

1917 Weaver brings out the first English edition of A Portrait February 12, 1917

Joyce has attacks of glaucoma and synecchia February 1917 – June 1917

Joyce writes Pound after he finishes Lotus-Eaters and Hades, is planning Aeolus June 5, 1917

Joyce writes Weaver about his eye trouble interfering with Ulysses June 13, 1917

Joyce writes Pinker about his 1914 contract with Richards July 8, 1917

Woolf reads A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man July 24, 1917

Joyce writes a poem in honor of the composition of Ulysses and sends it to Pound July 24, 1917

Joyce on why ‘the subject of Ulysses’ is ‘the most human in world literature’ July 31, 1917

Joyce sends Pound the first three episodes of Ulysses, Pound is enthusiastic December 1917 – January 1918

Joyce discusses the possibility of publishing Ulysses serially December 1917 – January 1918

The first English edition of A Portrait sells out by early summer 1917

1918 Joyce receives a gift of 12,000 francs from the same anonymous donor as before February 27, 1918

Pound sends Anderson and Heap the Telemachiad, Anderson resolves to print it February 1918

Quinn objects to the language of the first episode, Pound defends it March 1918 – April 3, 1918

Joyce, Telemachus is published in the Little Review March 1918

Joyce completes Calypso and sends to Pound March 1918

Woolf is asked to print Joyce’s ‘Ulysses’ April 10, 1918

Woolf reads some of Joyce’s Ulysses, is unimpressed April 14, 1918

Woolf writes to Lytton Strachey about the method James Joyce uses in ‘Ulysses’ April 23, 1918

Woolf writes to Roger Fry about James Joyce’s ‘Ulysses’ April 24, 1918

Nestor is published in the Little Review April 1918

Joyce completes Lotus-Eaters April 1918

Woolf writes to Harriet Weaver, rejecting her invitation to publish ‘Ulysses’ May 17, 1918

Joyce, Exiles is published in England and America May 25, 1918

Joyce, Proteus is published in the Little Review May 1918

Joyce completes Hades and sends to Pound May 1918

Joyce, Calypso is published in the Little Review June 1918

Joyce, Lotus-Eaters is published in the Little Review July 1918

Joyce: Publication of “Hades” in The Egoist July 1918 – September 1919

Joyce completes Aeolus and sends to Pound August 1918

Joyce, Hades is published in the Little Review September 1918

Joyce completes Lestrygonians and sends to Pound October 25, 1918

Joyce, Aeolus is published in the Little Review October 1918

Joyce completes Syclla and Charybdis and sends to Pound October 1918 – February 1919

Woolf discusses Ezra Pound, Wyndham Lewis, and James Joyce with T.S. Eliot November 18, 1918

Eliot calls James Joyce ‘the best living prose writer’ June 30, 1918

Joyce explains the Rider Haggard theory about the Odyssey, relation to Ulysses 1918

Joyce reads parts of Ulysses to Nora 1918

1919 Joyce, the U.S. post office seizes copies of Lestrygonians, alleging obscenity January 1919 – March 1919

Joyce: Serial Publication of “Nestor” in The Egoist January 1919 – February 1919

Joyce, Lestrygonians is published in the Little Review January 1919 – March 1919

Joyce completes Wandering Rocks and sends to Pound February 1919

Joyce: Publication of “Proteus” in The Egoist March 1919 – April 1919

Woolf publishes ‘Modern Novels’ in the TLS April 10, 1919

Joyce, Scylla and Charybdis is published in the Little Review April 1919 – May 1919

Joyce completes Sirens June 1919

Joyce, Wandering Rocks is published in the Little Review June 1919 – July 1919

Joyce, Sirens is published in the Little Review August 1919 – September 1919

Joyce completes Cyclops and sends to Pound September 3, 1919

Joyce completes Oxen of the Sun and sends to Pound October 1919

Joyce, Cyclops is published in the Little Review November 1919 – March 1920

Joyce: Publication of “Wandering Rocks” in The Egoist December 1919

1920 Joyce completes Nausicaa and sends to Budgen February 1920 – March 1929

Joyce, Nausicaa is published in the Little Review April 1920 – August 1920

Joyce finishes rewriting Oxen of the Sun May 18, 1920

Joyce writes to Frank Budgen that Ithaca is giving him “fearful trouble” June 1920

Joyce writes Circe June 1920 – December 1920

Pound in a letter calls Joyce the best prose author since James and Hardy July 20, 1920

Joyce meets T.S. Eliot and Wyndham Lewis August 15, 1920

Woolf believes T.S. Eliot describes externals, while Joyce gives internals September 20, 1920

Woolf reflects that what she is doing is ‘probably being better done by Mr. Joyce’ September 26, 1920

Joyce, Oxen of the Sun is published in the Little Review September 1920 – December 1920

Eliot’s first letter to James Joyce August 11, 1920

1921 Joyce completes Penelope (sometime before Ithaca) January 1921 – October 1921

Joyce completes Eumaeus February 1921

Joyce completes Ithaca February 1921 – October 1921

Joyce in a letter: an angry husband destroyed a part of the Ulysses manuscript April 19, 1921

Woolf notes T.S. Eliot’s praise for ‘Monday or Tuesday’ and ‘Ulysses’ June 7, 1921

Shaw reads Ulysses June 11, 1921

Shaw writes to Sylvia Beach about having read Ulysses October 10, 1921

Joyce writes to Valery Larbaud that he has completed Ithaca, thus completing Ulysses October 30, 1921

Joyce writes that the scheme of Odyssean parallels in Ulysses serves to confuse the audience November 25, 1921

1922 Joyce: First book publication of Ulysses February 1922

Joyce meets Proust May 18, 1922

Woolf deems ‘Ulysses’ is like an ‘undergraduate scratching his pimples’ August 16, 1922

Woolf compares herself with Henry James and James Joyce August 18, 1922

Woolf finishes ‘Ulysses’, declares it absurd to compare James Joyce to Leo Tolstoy September 6, 1922

Joyce–Reads Proust October 30, 1922

Proust dies; Joyce attends funeral November 18, 1922