A group of manuscripts that we have assembled over a period of several years is the rabbinic emissaries collection. In Hebrew they were referred to as shadarim, an acronym for shilluhe de-rabbanan.The Jewish community living in Palestine under Ottoman rule was both poor and pious. Its members lived off the charity of Jewish Diaspora communities that sent funds to the Holy Land to support the Jews living there. The rabbinic academies, old age homes, orphanages, and hospitals thus sent on an almost regular basis men to various parts of the world to raise money. In order to prove that they were legitimate representatives of the institutions that sent them, these emissaries carried letters of introduction which they presented to the rabbis and notables of the Jewish communities to which they were sent. The letters shed light on Jewish life in Palestine before the secular immigrants from Eastern Europe began arriving in large numbers. Up until the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Jewish community in the Holy Land was composed of Sephardic Jews (of Spanish origin) who had been there for several centuries, and the ultra-orthodox Jews who had come from Central and Eastern Europe (known as Ashkenazim) who had come in the 18th and 19th centuries. Both these communities, Ashkenazic and Sephardic, lived primarily in what were known as the four holy cities: Jerusalem, Hebron, Tiberius, and Safed. And both sent emissaries to members of their respective communities in the Diaspora for the purpose of collecting funds. Many of the emissaries were important rabbis and Talmudic scholars and some even stayed on in the communities to which they were sent as rabbis and preachers. The economic, social and religious inter-connectedness between Jews in Palestine and those in the Diaspora is a subject for exploration and study and Yale’s collection provides a rich resource for research in this area. They can be found in Manuscripts and Archives at the Sterling Memorial Library.