The Wild Swans at Coole

by Andrew Gates William Butler Yeats’ “The Wild Swans at Coole” appeared during a significant moment in the poet’s life and stands therein as a crucial turning point in his relation to the poetic task. Daniel Tobin comments on the unhappiness of the poet during its 1916 composition; Yeats faced a rejection by Iseult Gonne… Continue Reading The Wild Swans at Coole

Easter 1916

by Nathan Suhr-Sytsma On Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, members of the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army occupied Dublin’s General Post Office, and from its steps, Patrick Pearse read a proclamation of the Irish Republic. The British military responded with force, and the Easter Rising, as it became known, came to an end… Continue Reading Easter 1916

Certain Noble Plays of Japan

by Michael Chan Certain Noble Plays of Japan: From the Manuscripts of Ernest Fenollosa, Chosen and Finished by Ezra Pound, with an Introduction by William Butler Yeats (hereafter Certain Noble Plays of Japan) is a collection of four Nō plays published in 1916 by Ezra Pound. As the title states, Pound selected these translations based… Continue Reading Certain Noble Plays of Japan


by Sam Alexander Because of its position in D.H. Lawrence’s oeuvre, Amores (1916) has not received as much critical attention as the volume that followed it, Look! We Have Come Through (1917). Grouped with the “Rhyming Poems” in the Penguin edition of Lawrence’s poetry, it predates the more experimental, Whitmanesque free verse through which Lawrence has… Continue Reading Amores

A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

Like T.S. Eliot’s “Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” James Joyce’s Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916), though a work of youth, seems prematurely aged. Joyce treats his fictional version of his younger self with a mixture of irony and sympathy. The novel tells the story of Stephen Dedalus, a young Irishman,… Continue Reading A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

Henry James

Biography by Anthony Domestico Henry James was a fierce defender of the novelistic tradition and of formal complexity.  A master of focalization, he showed in works like What Maisie Knew (1897) and The Golden Bowl (1904) the centrality of perspective to a novel’s construction.  His works explored the encounter between Americans and Europeans, between the… Continue Reading Henry James

The Burning Wheel

by Emily Petermann Though Aldous Huxley is primarily remembered for his novels and to a lesser extent his essays, he began his writing career as a poet.  While a student at Balliol College at Oxford, having been exempted from military service due to extremely poor eyesight, he was involved in several student poetry magazines.  In… Continue Reading The Burning Wheel

Mountain Interval

by James Ross Macdonald A sense of the future as fundamentally circumscribed by the choices of the past runs through Mountain Interval (1916), Robert Frost’s third published poetry collection. The theme is announced and explored in the collection’s first and most famous poem, “The Road Not Taken,” in which Frost deploys the forked path in… Continue Reading Mountain Interval