Spring Awakening

by Monika Grzesiak Spring Awakening is a play written in 1891 by Frank Wedekind (1864-1918), a German playwright.[1] The work depicts schoolchildren in a German provincial town in the 1890s whose struggle to reconcile their budding sexual feelings and the moral code of their society leads them to tragedy. Biography of Frank Wedekind Frank Wedekind… Continue Reading Spring Awakening

Mourn– and then Onward!

By Sam Alexander In his later years, William Butler Yeats was not fond of “Mourn—and then Onward!,” the short poem he published in United Ireland four days after the death of Charles Stuart Parnell in 1891.[1] He excluded it from the Collected Poems and balked when it was reprinted as a memorial for Arthur Griffith… Continue Reading Mourn– and then Onward!

Tess of the D’Urbervilles

by Anthony Domestico The 1891 publication of Thomas Hardy’s penultimate novel, Tess of the D’Urbervilles: A Pure Woman, was met with a great deal of controversy. Having previously appeared in a censored, serialized form in The Graphic, early readers and critics were not ready for the full novel’s portrayal of female sexuality, religious skepticism, and… Continue Reading Tess of the D’Urbervilles