Collection of 20 British inn bills, [circa 1780]-1841

collection of twenty engraved and letterpress British inn bills completed in manuscript in various hands from regions throughout England and Wales, dating between circa 1780 and 1841. Many are printed with menus listing food and drinks as well as services, providing insight into what travellers at the end of the Georgian era were offered in any given region in this period; they are also early examples of the growing tourism trade. Beside tea, coffee, milk, soda water, lemonade, cider (cyder), and a wide range of spirits, other options for speciality drinks include: negus, punch, Geneva, perry, and malt liquors. Many of the various services relate to the care and maintenance of horses and carriages; besides blacksmithing, farrier and saddling services, many of the inns offered hay and corn, rush lights, etc. Also on offer were “servant’s eating and ale”, beds with extra charges for “fires in a bed chamber”, and washing; other services listed included “Chaise hire”, servants, providers were sometimes available. Other common services and goods included writing materials, postage, tobacco, and, of course, meals with various foods like fruit listed separately. The printed invoices and menus include some with engraved designs or woodcuts that incorporate a representation of a local attraction or motifs indicative of the trade. Several of the bills also include the imprint of the provincial printer. The majority have manuscript annotations.
Two invoices from Welsh business are produced by “Watton, Printer, Shrewsbury Chronicle” for Bedd Gelert Hotel, Carnarvonshire A. Prichard and Harod Arms Hotel, Devil’s Bridge, a village and community in Ceredigion, Wales, both of which are illustrated on the fronts and backs, with the same image on the back: The Iron Suspension Bridge, completed and opened on Monday, Januaray 30th, 1826, over the Menai Strait from Carnarvonshire into Anglesey. The fronts include the advertisements for the individual business but also include other natural wonders of the area: Cataracts and Aber Glaslyb Bridge, the Salmon Leap and the Pass in Snowden.

  • Title: Collection of 20 British inn bills, [circa 1780]-1841.

Catalog Record 

LWL Mss File 147 & LWL Mss File 148

Acquired June 2019




Tabular details of a journey from Geneva to Florence

see description below

An account detailing posts and times for each section of the journey, with notes on inns, conditions of roads, places of note and numerous personal observations; quality of gardens, vegetations and art, the prevalence of goitres in one particular area, the need to obtain the correct paperwork to avoid one’s baggage being rummaged through, and the need to have luggage “plumbed” upon departure from Florence. Clearly written in the hand of Thomas Martyn, this particular tour can be found mentioned in Martyn’s entry in DNB: starting in 1778 he was accompanying his young charge, Edward Hartopp, on his two year continental tour, part of which was later published and made it into his “Gentleman’s Guide in his Tour Through Italy” in 1787 and “Sketch of a Tour Through Switzerland” of the same year.

  • Author: Martyn, Thomas, 1735-1825.
  • Title: Tabular details of a journey from Geneva to Florence : manuscript.
  • Production: Switzerland and Italy, 1779.

Catalog Record 

LWL Mss File 149

Acquired April 2019

Earl of Drumlanrig, signed letters to the Duchess of Queensbury

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A first-hand account of the Lisbon earthquake that struck on November 1st 1755 destroying 85% of buildings and killing upwards of 60,000.

  • Author: Drumlanrig, Charles Douglas, Earl of, 1726-1756.
  • Title: Earl of Drumlanrig, signed letters to the Duchess of Queensbury detailing an eyewitness account of the Lisbon earthquake, 1755 November 5 and 8 : manuscript.
  • Production: Lisbon, 1755 November 5 and 8

Catalog Record

LWL Mss File 151

Acquired December 2018

Samuel Lambert’s journal of his travels on the Continent

Samuel Lambert's journal

Almost 300 pages of slightly sprawling but legible hand. Manuscript digest of Burke’s Peerage laid in at front, opposite a hand-written note stating: “Manuscript of Travels of my Uncle Major Gen. S. Lambert in 1816 and 17, given to me by my Uncle Morton, Augt. 18th 1881.”

  • Author: Lambert, Samuel, Major General.
  • Title: Samuel Lambert‘s journal of his travels on the Continent, between 1816 and 1817.

Catalog record 

LWL Mss Vol. 238

Acquired July 2018

George Townshend manuscript letter book

George Townshend manuscript. Detailed description below.

A manuscript letter book containing copies of incoming correspondence from George Beauchamp Proctor, Mr. Oldenshaw, Lancaster Framingham, the Duke of Richmond, Sir William Fordyce, Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, Mr. Lionel Smythe, Benjamin Stehelin, and others as well as Townshend’s outgoing letters to Mr. Stacpoole, the earliest dated 5 March 1785 and the last dated 22 June 1785. The subjects discussed with Thomas Beevan include a living in his posession that he did not confer on Beevan’s son, to Beevan’s great disappointment; issues regarding his regiment with Major Taylor; his appointment by the King to the Board of Land & Sea Offices to investigate the plans to secure the dock yards at Plymouth and Portsmouth; a court martial of 1785; the American loyalists (“I have given one fourth of my Lot to the unfortunate American Loyalists”; military patronage, concerns about his son Frederick, who was later declared insane for shooting his brother. Other matters include the difficulties in assembling an impartial jury and other parliamentary matters and references to the wishes of the King.

  • Author: Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807.
  • Title: George Townshend manuscript letter book entitled ‘1. Copies of letters from the 5th March 1785-‘ : manuscript.
  • Production: Norfolk, England, approximately 1785.

Catalog Record

LWL Mss Vol. 245

Acquired March 2019

Letters relaying observations of Jamaica to Lord Cornbury

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Two letters signed pseudonymously ‘Salamander’ and ‘Montezuma’. The first, addressed to the Right Honourable Lord Cornbury, was sent with the second, a duplicate of a ‘love’ letter sent to Catherine Douglas, the Duchess of Queensberry.

  • Title: Letters relaying observations of Jamaica to Lord Cornbury and the Duchess of Queensbury, 1738 : manuscript.
  • Production: Jamaica, 1738.

Catalog Record 

LWL Mss File 150

Acquired November 2018

John Jackson ledgers relating to the naval administration

3 manuscript volumes

Three manuscript volumes comprising the correspondence and bills of John Jackson. His meticulously detailed correspondence and accounts reveal vast amounts about Maltese trade, the mechanics of privateering, and the opportunities for profiteering.

  • Author: Jackson, John.
  • Title: John Jackson ledgers relating to the naval administration, export, and privateering activities in Malta, 1807-1813.

Catalog Record 

LWL Mss Vol. 240

Acquired June 2018

Frances Brooke journal of a trip to Paris

Frances Brooke journal. Detailed description below

Firsthand account of the journey of Frances, the Parkers, and “Emily” (possibly a sister) as they set out from somewhere in Derbyshire (their post halts are Hilton, Buxton and Bakewell on the early part of the journey) on their way to Paris, via Dieppe and Rouen. Frances is clearly a wealthy and educated young woman, and the account is lively and observant, taking place as it does in a France that only a few years before was a land of war, enemies and an occupying army under Wellington: “The Bois [du Boulogne] consists now of low shrubs, as the Allies cut down all the trees, when they were in Paris, for fire wood … Dined at Very’s and went to the Tivoli – A fete. A man ascended in a Balloon, and tho’ he seemed to engage every one’s attention and interest, he was not thought of, two minutes after he was out of sight. – The Gardens were beautifully illuminated with colossal lamps. Walked home through some streets we had not been in before and were much stared at … I believe it was Harriet’s pretty figure & our Silk Gowns that attracted attention…” The valiant though ignored aeronaut in question, a quick glance at Galignani’s Messenger will show, was none other than M. Margat (who seems to have stepped into the gap caused by the death of Madame Blanchard a year earlier … and who bears the distinction of being one of the few aeronaut’s of the period who was expressly requested to take part in a war as a balloonist, ending up in Algiers in 1830 having nearly set a French navy ship on fire, and earning a medal for making a balloon ascent under heavy fire). Paris seems to have been replete with aeronauts at the time, there is another balloon ascent a day or so later in the Tuilleries. There are encounters with Royalty, visits to the Louvre and Notre Dame, numerous observations on the general superiority of England in all things (“All the prettiest women were English”), a keen eye is leveled at the dress, behaviour and conduct of the ladies of Paris, both for good and ill, plays, tableaux vivant and sundry entertainments are sampled and all is chronicled with agility and attention to detail. A two month excursion into a Georgette Heyer novel.

  • Author: Brooke, Frances.
  • Title: Frances Brooke journal of a trip to Paris, June and July 1821 : manuscript.
  • Production: France, 1821 June-July.

Catalog Record 

LWL Mss Vol. 246

Acquired April 2019