Recent Papers*

*Most link to penultimate versions – for citation, check the journal or book. Some links are temporarily unavailable.

Neutrality (with David Beaver), forthcoming in Matthew Cogden and Alice Crary (Eds.), Philosophical Topics: Social Visibility

Statement to the January 6 Committee (with Federico Finchelstein) 

Democratic Lies and Fascist Lies, Nomos (2021)

Propaganda (with Anne Quaranto), in Justin Khoo and Rachel Sterken (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Social and Political Philosophy of Language (2021) pp. 125-46

The Philosophy of Fascism, The Philosopher 107.2 (Spring, 2019)

Toward a Non-Ideal Philosophy of Language (with David Beaver)
New School Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 39.2 (2019): 501-545.

How Fascism Works: A Reply to Peter Ludlow
Politics and Letters, January 2019


The Emergency Manager: Strategic Racism, Technocracy, and the Poisoning of Flint’s Children

Is Epistemology Tainted? 

  • Disputatio, Vol. VIII, No. 42, May 2016: 1-36

On a Case for Truth Relativism


Constructing Meanings

Motor skill depends on knowledge of facts

Precis of Know How, and Replies to Imogen Dickie, Mark Schroeder, and Robert Stalnaker

  • Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85.3, 2012

“Empirical Tests of Interest Relative Invariantism” (with Chandra Sripada)

  • Episteme 9.1, 2012: 3-26

“Singular Thoughts and Singular Propositions” (with Joshua Armstrong)

  • Philosophical Studies 154.2, 2011: 205-222

Knowing (How)

  • Nous 45.2, 2011: 207-238.

“Assertion” and Intentionality

  • Philosophical Studies 151.1, 2010: 87-113

On ‘Average’ (with Christopher Kennedy)

  • Mind 118, 2009: 583-646

Knowledge and Certainty

  • Philosophical Issues 18, 2008: 33-55.

Knowledge and Action (with John Hawthorne)

  • The Journal of Philosophy 105.10, 2008: 571-590.

Philosophy of Language in the Twentieth Century

  • The Routledge Companion to Twentieth Century Philosophy (London: Routledge Press, 2008): 382-437

Introduction to Language in Context

  • Language in Context (Oxford University Press, 2007)

Precis of Knowledge and Practical Interests and Replies to Critics (Gilbert Harman, Ram Neta, and Stephen Schiffer)

  • Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75.1 (2007)

Hornsby on the Phenomenology of Speech

  • The Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (2005): 131-46.

Fallibilism and Concessive Knowledge Attributions

  • Analysis 65.2, 2005: 126-31

Semantics in Context

  • Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth, Preyer and Peter (ed.) (OUP, 2005): 221-54.

On the Linguistic Basis for Contextualism 

  • Philosophical Studies 119, 2004: 119-146

Context, Interest-Relativity, and the Sorites 

  • Analysis 63.4 (2003): 269-80.

Modality and What is Said

  • Philosophical Perspectives 16: (2002):  321-44.

Hermeneutic Fictionalism

  • Midwest Studies 25, French and Wettstein (ed.) (Blackwell, 2001): 36-71

Knowing How
(with Timothy Williamson)

  • The Journal of Philosophy 98.8 2001: 411-44.

Quine at 100
This is a small piece I wrote for a conference at Princeton in June 2008, celebrating the 100th anniversary of Quine’s birth. It is intended for a more general academic audience:

Shorter Replies and Reviews

Intellectualism and the Language of Thought: A reply to Roth and Cummins

  • Bartels and Newen (editors), Knowledge and Representation (CSLI Publications, 2011): 41-50

Hornsby on the Phenomenology of Speech

  • Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79 2005: 131-145
  • Philosophical Review

Review of Robyn Carson’s Thoughts and Utterances

  • Mind and Language 20.3, 2005: 364-68.

Review of Francois Recanati’s Literal Meaning

  • Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

Some older papers

Persons and their Properties

  • The Philosophical Quarterly, 48, 1998: 159-175.

Names and Rigid Designation

  • A Companion to the Philosophy of Language, Hale and Wright, ed., (Oxford, Blackwell Press, 1997): 555-585.

Rigidity and Content

  • Language, Thought, and Logic: Essays in Honour of Michael Dummett, edited by Richard Heck, Jnr. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997): 131-156

Recent Talks

Reply to Amia Srinivasan’s APA Central Division Comments on How Propaganda Works