Monday, April 19
Franziska Deeg (University of Cologne), “How international trade risks and migration flows affect pension deservingness perception in Brazil”
Abstract: Access to social policy benefits is highly conflictual, especially in contexts of tight budgets and restrained opportunities in global credit markets. Previous research has identified a set of factors determining the deservingness to access welfare goods from the viewpoint of public opinion. Particularly control and identity can play a pivotal role in the context of globalization. While the integration in international markets shifts the ‘control over ones success’ away from the individual, migration is used to draw a clear line between in- and out-group. This more nuanced and global view on control and identity has, so far, been neglected in academic research for the middle income country context. Hence, in this paper, I look at the deservingness aspects ‘control‘ and ‘identity’ related to a global context. I make use of a Conjoint experiment that was conducted as part of a larger, original, subnational survey in 2019 in São Paulo state, Brazil. Respondents received fictional, randomly assembled profiles of beneficiaries and were asked to indicate whom of the two profiles they would give access to a pension. Results reveal that especially individuals that lost their job to offshoring are deemed deserving of a pension. Nationality does determine access, excluding Europeans and Venezuelans alike, compared to Brazilians from the same state. For within country migration, the estimate is, however, insignificant.