Comparative Politics:  political violence, especially sexual violence during war; agrarian legacies of civil war; emergence and resolution of civil wars; collective action and social movements; transitions to democracy; distributive politics, especially agrarian; the politics of Latin America and Africa.



Understanding and Proving International Sex Crimes, Morten Bergsmo, Alf B. Skre, and Elisabeth Jean Wood, eds., Oslo: Torkel Opsahl Academic Epublisher. 2012.

Political Representation, co-editor with Ian Shapiro, Susan C. Stokes, and Alexander S. Kirshner. (Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Insurgent Collective Action and Civil War in El Salvador (Cambridge University Press, 2003). See

  • Chapter 2 reprinted in Political Ethnography: What Immersion Contributes to the Study of Power, Edward Schartz, ed., University of Chicago Press (2009)

Forging Democracy from Below: Insurgent Transitions in South Africa and El Salvador (Cambridge University Press, 2000).


“Repertoires of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict: Extending the SVAC dataset.” with Logan Dumaine, Ragnhild Nördas and Maria Gargiulo. Journal of Peace Research (online November, 2021).

“Epilogue to Lee Ann Fujii’s Show Time”. In Lee Ann Fujii, Show Time: The Logic and Power of Violent Display. Cornell University Press, 2021.

“Sexual Violence as a Practice of War: Implications for the Investigation and Prosecution of Atrocity Crimes.”  With Kim Thuy Seelinger,  The Oxford Handbook on Atrocity Crimes. Barbora Hola, Hollie Nyseth Brehm, and Maartje Weerdesteijn, eds. (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).

  • Translation: “La violencia sexual como práctica de guerra: Implicaciones para la investigación y enjuiciamiento de crímenes atroces.” Estudios Socio-Jurídicos, January 2021

“Implications of Wedeen’s Ambiguities of Domination for the Analysis of Political Violence” in Symposium on Lisa Wedeen’s Ambiguities of Domination, Jillian Schwedler, ed. PS. Political Science & Politics, forthcoming

Ethics, Epistemology, and Openness in Research with Human Participants.” 2021. With Diana Kapiszewski. Perspectives on Politics,(online March 2021).

“The Qualitative Transparency Deliberations: Insights and Implications.” With Alan Jacobs, Tim Büthe, et. al.  Perspectives on Politics. (online January 2021).

  • Including “Research Ethics and Human Subjects: A Reflexive Openness Approach (Working Group I.2).” With Lauren M. MacLean, Elliot Posner, and Susan Thomson.

The Islamic State’s Pattern of Sexual Violence: Ideology and Institutions, Policies and Practices.” 2021. With Mara Revkin. Journal of Global Security Studies (online November 2020).

“Understanding Conflict-Related Sexual Violence: What Peacekeepers Should Know.” With Stephen Moncrief.  International Peacekeeping, 2020. In Louise Olsson, Angela Muvumba Sellström, Stephen Moncrief, Elisabeth Jean Wood, Karin Johansson, Walter Lotze, Chiara Ruffa, Amelia Hoover Green, Ann Kristin Sjöberg and Roudabeh Kishi. 2020. FORUM. Peacekeeping Prevention: Strengthening Efforts to Preempt Conflict-related Sexual Violence, International Peacekeeping. 27:4, 517-585.

“Rape as a Practice of War: Towards a Typology of Political Violence,” 2018. Politics and Society, 46(4): 513–537.

  • Translation: “La violación como práctica de guerra: hacia una tipología de la violencia política.” Estudios Socio-Jurídicos, 2020, 18(2), 67-109.

“Los legados agrarios de las guerras civiles en Latinoamérica: desde una perspectiva comparada” [Agrarian Legacies of Latin American Civil Wars in Comparative Perspective]. With Elizabeth Starr. In Saliendo del tierrero: políticas agrarias para la transición hacia la paz“, Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín, ed. (Editorial del Rosario, Bogotá, 2018).

“The Persistence of Sexual Assault within the US Military.” 2017. With Nathaniel Toppelberg.  Journal of Peace Research, 54(5): 620-633

“What Should We Mean by ‘Pattern of Political Violence’? Repertoire, Targeting, Frequency, and Technique.” 2017. With Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín. Perspectives on Politics 15(1): 20-41.

  • Translation: “Cómo debemos entender el concepto de “patrón de violencia política”: repertorio, objetivo, frecuencia y técnica.” Estudios Socio-Jurídicos, 2020, 18(2), 13-65.

“Conflict-Related Sexual Violence.” 2017. With Julia Bleckner. Armed Conflict Survey 2017: 25 – 38.

“Introduction: Land rights, restitution, politics, and war in Colombia.” With Christopher Cramer. Journal of Agrarian Change 17(4): 733-738.

“Conflict-Related Sexual Violence and the Policy Implications of Recent Research”  2015. The International Review of the Red Cross  96(894): 457-78.

  • Translation: “La violencia sexual asociada al conflicto y las implicaciones políticas de investigaciones recientes.” 2016. Estudios Socio-Jurídicos, 18(2), 13-46

“Social Mobilization and Violence in Civil War and their Social Legacies,” in The Oxford Handbook of Social Movements, Donatella della Porta and Mario Diani, eds., Oxford University Press, 2016 (published online June 2015).

“Ideology in  Civil War: Instrumental Adoption and Beyond.” 2014. With Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín. Journal of Peace Research 51(2): 213-226

Multiple Perpetrator Rape during War” In Miranda Horvath and Jessica Woodhams, eds. Handbook on the Study of Multiple Perpetrator Rape: A multidisciplinary response to an international problem.  Routledge, 2013.

“Transnational Dynamics of Civil War” In Jeffrey T. Checkel, ed. Transnational Dynamics of Civil War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

“Rape Is not Inevitable during War” 2012. In Morten Bergsmo, Alf B. Skre, and Elisabeth Jean Wood, eds., Understanding and Proving International Sex Crimes.  Oslo: Torkel Opsahl Academic Epublisher. 389-419

  • Translation: Variación de la violencia sexual en tiempos de guerra: la violación en la guerra no es inevitable in Estudios Socio-Jurídicos 2012, 14, (1): 19-57

“Sexual Violence during War: Variation and Accountability.” 2010. In Alette Smeulers and Elies van Sliedregt, eds., Collective Crimes and International Criminal Justice: an Interdisciplinary Approach. Antwerp: Intersentia

  • Reprinted in Women and War: Power and Protection in the 21st Century, Kathleen Kuehnast, Chantal de Jonge Oudraat and Helga Hernes (United States Institute of Peace, 2011)

“Agrarian Reform, Land Occupation, and the Transition to Democracy in El Salvador.” 2010. In Morten Bergsmo, César Rodríguez Garavito, Pablo Kalmanovitz, and Maria Paula Saffon (eds.). Distributive Justice in Transitions. Oslo: Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher

“Revisiting Counterinsurgency.” With Daniel Branch. 2010. Politics and Society 38: 3– 14 (peer-reviewed introduction to special section on counterinsurgency).

“Armed groups and sexual violence: when is wartime rape rare?” 2009. Politics and Society 37: 131-161

“The Social Processes of Civil War: The Wartime Transformation of Social Networks” Annual Review of Political Science 2008. 11:539–61

  • Translation: “Los Procesos Sociales De La Guerra Civil: La Transformación De Redes Sociales En Tiempos De Guerra.” Análisis Político 68, 2010: 101-124

“Sexual Violence during War: Toward an Understanding of Variation,” in Ian Shapiro, Stathis Kalyvas and Tarek Masoud eds, Order, Conflict, and Violence (Cambridge University Press, 2008)

  • Translation: “Violencia Sexual Durante La Guerra: Hacia Un Entendimiento De La Variación.” Análisis Político 66: 3-27 [published by the National University, Bogotá, Colombia]
  • Reprinted in shortened form in Insa Eschebach and Regina Muehlhaeuser, ed., Krieg und Geschlecht. Sexuelle Gewalt im Krieg und Sex-Zwangsarbeit in NS-Konzentrationslagern, (Berlin: Metropol, 2008) and in Uli Linke and Danielle Taana Smith (eds.), Cultures of Fear: A Critical Reader (London: Pluto Press, 2009).

“Field Research” in The Handbook of Comparative Politics, edited by Carles Boix and Susan Stokes (Oxford University Press, 2007)

“Modeling Contingency,” in Political Contingency: Studying the Unexpected, the Accidental, and the Unforeseen, edited by Ian Shapiro and Sonu Bedi (New York University Press, 2007)

“Variation in Sexual Violence During War” 2006. Politics and Society 34(3): 307-342
“The Ethical Challenges of Field Research in Conflict Zones” 2006. Qualitative Sociology 29: 307-41 (special issue on political ethnography)

  • Reprinted in Data Collection edited by W. Paul Vogt, Sage Benchmarks in Social Research Methods. (Sage Publications, 2010)
  • A more extended version was published as “Field Research during War: Ethical Dilemmas,” in New Perspectives in Political Ethnography, edited by Lauren Joseph, Matthew Mahler, and Javier Auyero (Springer, 2008).
  • Translation: Acera de los desafíos éticos de la investigación del campo en zonas de conflicto.2011. In Javier Auyero and Rodrigo Hobert, eds. Acción e interpretación en la sociología norteamericana. La Plata: Universidad Nacional de la Plata, La Plata, Argentina and Quito: FLACSO, Ecuador.

“Challenges to Political Democracy in El Salvador,” in Frances Hagopian and Scott Mainwaring, eds., The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America, (Cambridge University Press, 2005).

“Civil War, Reconstruction, and Reconciliation: The Repopulation of Tenancingo, El Salvador,” in Aldo Lauria Santiago and Leigh Binford, eds., Landscapes of Struggle: Politics, Society, and Community in El Salvador (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2004).

“Civil Wars: What We Don’t Know.” 2003. Global Governance. 9(2): 247-60.

“An Insurgent Path to Democracy: Popular Mobilization, Economic Interests and Regime Transition in South Africa and El Salvador.” 2001. Comparative Political Studies, 34(8): 862-88.

  • Translation published in Estudios Centroamericanos, No. 641-2, 2002.

“Peasant Political Mobilization in El Salvador: The Contribution of Emotional In-process Benefits,” in Jeff Goodwin, James M. Jasper and Francesca Polletta, eds., Passionate Politics: Emotions and Social Movements (University of Chicago Press, 2001).

“Civil War and the Transformation of Elite Representation in El Salvador,” in Kevin Middlebrook, ed., Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000).

“The Peace Accords and Post-war Reconstruction,” in James Boyce, ed., Economic Policy for Building Peace (Lynne Rienner, 1996).

  • Published in Spanish in James Boyce, ed., Ajuste Hacia La Paz: la política económica y la reconstrucción de posguerra en El Salvador (Mexico: Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo and Plaza y Valdés Editores, 1999).
  • Joint report of research team also published as Adjustment Toward Peace: Economic Policy and Post-war Reconstruction in El Salvador, (United Nations Development Program, 1995).

“Macroeconomic Policy and the Salvadoran Peace Accords,” with Alexander Segovia, World Development 23(12): 2079-2100 (December 1995).

“Teaching Discussion Sections in the Sciences” in Learning to Teach: A Handbook for Teaching Assistants at UC Berkeley, University of California Graduate Assembly (1984).

“Lineshape Analysis and Filter Difference Method for a High Intensity Time-of-flight Inelastic Neutron Scattering Spectrometer.” With A. D. Taylor, J. A. Goldstone, and J. Eckert. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, 221 (2): 408-418, 1984


Sexual Violence During War [book under contract with Princeton University Press ].

Patterns of Violence Against Civilians in Colombia’s Civil War [book manuscript], Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín, co-author.

“Ideology and Policy, Impunity and Practice: Assessing the Myanmar Military’s Patterns of Sexual Violence Against the Rohingya.” With Mayesha Alam. Under review.

“Ideology, organizational structure, and patterns of violence: Insurgencies in Colombia.” With Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín. “Variation in Violence by Paramilitary Groups in Colombia.” Under review.

“Religion as Ideology? Religious Faith, Institutions and Patterns of Violence.: With Mara Redlich Revkin. Under review

 “Modeling Robust Settlements to Civil War: Indivisible Stakes and Distributional Compromises” under revision for resubmission to the Journal of Peace Research

“The Stakes of the Game: The Politics of Redistribution after Democratic Transitions”


For a list of invited lectures and seminars, as well as policy presentations, see  CV tab above

For links to policy writing, see “Links” tab above