Five Features Selected for Markup


This manuscript has a large number of abbreviations that should be visible in both original abbreviated and expanded form. While more time-consuming, using the <choice> tag would allow users to see both forms and familiarize themselves with these conventions.

Special characters/abbreviations

My section has, among the more common  nasal suspension marks and -ibus marks, an ī and q3, which a novice reader may not have encountered. It’s crucial for learning purposes to preserve these marks while also elucidating their meaning. I would use an entity reference for the character itself and <expand> tags for the expanded words.

Missing/erased text

In a handful of places, my portion of the text is so badly effaced/faded that the word is uncertain. The <gap> tag can be used to enclose the letters that are unreadable while also pointing to the word itself for other researchers to examine and complete where possible.


The section just below mine has a small stain that is likely just ink,  but I know that a pastedown mark and other stains exist throughout the roll. A <condition> tag will suffice for general descriptions of the stains, and <damage> may work for localizing the stains in the document itself.


This is admittedly a lesser concern, but ligatures can sometimes assist in assigning a provenance to a given work, and novice readers should become familiar with them to avoid mistaking a pair of letters for a distinct letter form. I would use an entity reference here to indicate the linkage of the two letters and enclose the letters themselves in this tag.