U.S. Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell and National Park Service Director Jonathan B. Jarvis today announced the designation of the Foreign Mission School (The Steward House) of Cornwall, Connecticut as a new national historic landmark.
Our colleague and YIPP advisor, John Demos’s recent book,The Heathen School: A Story of Hope and Betrayal in the Age of the Early Republic, played an important role in getting the site designated and preserved.
The following summary is from the National Landmark Nomination application written by students from Brown University:
As a central building of the Foreign Mission School (FMS) in Cornwall, Connecticut, and the site of enduring educational and social politics concerning racial tolerance, Asian and Native American migration, and American religious and cultural identity in the early nineteenth-century, the Steward’s House is nationally significant under NHL Criterion 1. Founded in 1816 by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) and in operation from 1817 to 1826, the FMS hosted over one-hundred students primarily from Asian-Pacific and North American nations and speaking at least twenty-four different languages. The Steward’s House of the FMS sits today in its original location in historic Cornwall Village, Connecticut, with a slightly reduced surrounding property. The wooden clapboard-faced New England farmhouse maintains a high level of historical integrity from the 1817 to 1826 period of significance, with the majority of the architectural attributes classifying it as a standard Federal-style center-hall farmhouse still in place, and with many of the original materials in both construction and cosmetic details still visible. Additionally, the vista created by the historic façades of the house and its larger setting within Cornwall Village generates an authentic impression of the original site for visitors. This level of integrity and sense of authenticity remain despite alterations to the building in which the singular placement of the additions are relegated to the rear of the house.
Congratulations to the Brown students!
One of the initial goals of the Indian Papers Project was to encourage new scholarly research on New England Native communities by providing free access to a fragmented and widely dispersed documentary record. Ten years later, we’re seeing the results of our efforts.
Here’s a partial list of just some of the publications that have used Project materials.
- Wendy Warren, New England Bound: Slavery and Colonization in Early America (W.W. Norton & Co., 2016)
- Jyotsna G. Singh and David D. Kim, eds., The Postcolonial World (Routledge, 2016)
- Andrew Lipman, The Saltwater Frontier: Indians and the Conquest for the American Coast (Yale University Press, 2015)
- Nancy Shoemaker, Native American Whalemen and the World: Indigenous Encounters and the Contingency of Race (University of North Carolina Press, 2015)
- Julie A. Fisher and David Silverman, Ninigret, Sachem of the Niantics and Narragansetts: Diplomacy, War, and the Balance of Power in Seventeenth-Century New England and Indian Country (Cornell University Press, 2014)
- Allegra di Bonaventura, For Adam’s Sake: A Family Saga in Colonial New England (W.W.Norton, 2013)
- David Scott, Leviathan: The Rise of Britain as a World Power (Harper Press, 2013)
- Christine DeLucia, Memory Frontier: Geographies of Violence and Regeneration in Colonial New England and the Native Northeast after King Philip’s War (Yale University Ph.D. Dissertation, 2013)
- Linford Fisher, The Indian Great Awakening: Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America (Oxford University Press, 2012)
- Karen Ordahl Kupperman, The Atlantic in World History (Oxford University Press, 2012)
- Paul Grant-Costa, Tobias Glaza and Michael Sletcher, “The Common Pot: Editing Native American Materials,” Scholarly Editing, Vol. 33, 2012, http://www.scholarlyediting.org/2012/essays/essay.commonpot.html.
- Wayne E. Lee, “Subjects, Clients, Allies, or Mercenaries? The British Use of Irish and Amerindian Military Power, 1500-1800,” in H. V. Bowen, Elizabeth Mancke, John G. Reid, eds., Britain’s Oceanic Empire, Atlantic and Indian Ocean Worlds, c. 1550-1850 (Cambridge University Press, 2012)
- Paul Grant-Costa and Elizabeth Mancke, “Anglo-American Commercial Relations” in H. V. Bowen, Elizabeth Mancke, John G. Reid, eds., Britain’s Oceanic Empire, Atlantic and Indian Ocean Worlds, c. 1550-1850 (Cambridge University Press, 2012)
- Tobias Glaza and Paul Grant-Costa, “Breaking the Myth of the Unmanaged Landscape,” Connecticut Explored, Vol. 10, No. 2, Spring 2012, pp. 35-39, republished at http://connecticuthistory.org/breaking-the-myth-of-the-unmanaged-landscape/
- Matt Salyer, ‘“Between the Heavens and the Earth”: Narrating the Execution of Moses Paul,’ American Indian Culture and Research Journal, Vol. 36 (2012)
- Craig Yirush, Settlers, Liberty, and Empire: The Roots of Early America Political Theory (Cambridge University Press, 2011)
- Benjamin Carp, Defiance of the Patriots: The Boston Tea Party & the Making of America (Yale University Press, 2010)
YIPP editors would like to welcome Eric Maynard to the editorial staff.
Eric is a recent graduate of the University of Rhode Island, with a Masters in Library and Information Studies. He is a member of the Mohegan Tribe of Connecticut, where he is also employed. Eric’s experiences as a graduate student have included an internship with the University of Arizona to research and create metadata files for the associated American Indian Film Gallery. Eric presented on his academic work with the University of Arizona at the 46th Algonquin Conference in 2014. He was also a member of the New England Archivist (NEA) Diversity Task Force in 2013. In addition, Eric has been involved with the historic preservation and archival communities for over 10 years, volunteering and participating in several projects.
Supported by funds from Mellon/CLIR and the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, Eric will be assisting editors with document transcription and metadata extraction.
YIPP editors are happy to announce that the Project has been awarded a National Endowment for the Humanities’ Scholarly Editing grant that will extend their work in Massachusetts for three more years. Taken together with the Mellon/CLIR and National Archives grants, the editorial efforts will last more than four years, adding 1,650 documents to the New England Indian Papers Series.
The Massachusetts Collection will create a critical base of historical documentation assembled from primary source materials on the Native Americans who lived within the geographical limits of the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay, their history, culture, and long interactions with Euro-Americans in what is now the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The documents range from first contact to 1869.
The NEH effort will produce several thousand high-quality images, 900 typographical facsimile transcriptions, and regularized annotated transcriptions of Massachusetts Native community primary source documents from The Massachusetts Archives, Harvard University Library, Connecticut State Library, The National Archives of the United Kingdom, and Yale University Library.
The sequence of the CLIR/NHPRC/NEH grants allows editors to build productive relationships with Indian communities throughout the Commonwealth by laying the groundwork for a process that includes Native participation in the selection, annotation, discussion, and presentation of Project materials.
YIPP editors are proud to announce that the Indian Papers Project received a Publishing Historical Records in Documentary Editions grant from The National Archives‘ National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The award will fund the editorial preparation and electronic publication of 300 documents in the Massachusetts Archives written by and about Massachusetts Native communities from 1649 to 1870. The resulting product will include high-quality images, typographical facsimile and text-regularized transcriptions, with robust annotations and biographies.
Assisting in the editorial effort will be Hassanamisco Nipmuc tribal chief Cheryll Holley, librarian Eric Maynard (Mohegan), Cedric Woods (Lumbee) of the Institute for New England Native Studies, and several members of the Wampanoag communities.
Building upon the recent Mellon/CLR Digitizing Hidden Collections grant, the NHPRC award represents the first of a multi-year effort to reach out to Native communities in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Similar in many ways to YIPP’s earlier work in Connecticut, this NHPRC funded effort will allow editors to engage with Native scholars and historians, and this collaboration will result in enhanced metadata and the sharing of very important Native perspectives.
An example of the materials that may be included is a December 1753 petition by Mashpee proprietors Isaac Simon and Daniel Sonkausinin, empowering Ely Moses and Phillip Wepquish to represent the community’s interests before the Massachusetts General Court about claims of longstanding encroachment by English settlers. Other Mashpees mentioned are Isaac Natompom, Richard Simon, and Daniel Saukasin.
(Massachusetts Archives, Volume 32:447).