Publications

WORK-IN-PROGRESS:
Islam, Ideology and Transition: Egypt after Mubarak, with Gamal Soltan and Jakob Wichmann (invited for review at Columbia University Press, expected submission January 2014).

“Parties, Polarization and Democratic Development in the Middle East,” with David Waldner.

“Is it Gender, Religion, or Both? A Survey Experiment on Electability in Transitional Tunisia,” with Lindsay Benstead and Amaney Jamal.

Social Voting: Elections in the Arab World.

“Electoral Engineering after the Arab Uprisings: Local Pressures for National Institutions,” with Bernard Grofman and Jakob Wichmann.

“The Re-emergence of “Tribalism” and Tunisia’s 2011 Electoral Law,” with Zied Bouaziane.

Arab Transitions in Comparative Perspective, with Lindsay Benstead, Dhafer Malouche, Gamal Soltan and Jakob Wichmann.

Books:
Structuring Conflict in the Arab World: Incumbents, Opponents and Institutions (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Edited Volumes:
Taking to the Streets: Activism and the Arab Uprisings (Johns Hopkins University Press, expected April 2014), co-edited with Lina Khatib.

Governing Transforming Societies: The Challenge of Development in Africa (Lynne Rienner Press, 2012), co-edited with Stephen Ndegwa.

Political Participation in the Middle East and North Africa (Lynne Rienner Press, 2008), co-edited with Saloua Zerhouni.

Textbooks:
The Middle East, 13th Edition (Sage Press, 2013).

The Middle East, 12th Edition (Congressional Quarterly Press, 2010).

Special Issue:
Special Issue, Societal Challenges and the Transformation of Governance in the Middle East, Journal of Middle East Law and Governance, 2, 2 (August 2010), co-edited with Stephen Ndegwa.
• Reprinted in 2011 due to demand.

Articles:
“Opposition Cooperation and Uprisings in the Arab World,” British Journal of Middle East Studies 38, 3 (December 2011): 425-434.

Missing the Third Wave: Islam, Institutions and Democracy in the Middle East,” Studies in Comparative International Development 46, 2 (June 2011): 163-190.

The Power of Arms: Rethinking Disarmament and Democratization through the Palestinian Election,” Democratization (May 2011): 1-28, with Matthew Longo.

Jordan Votes: Election or Selection?” Journal of Democracy 22,2 (April 2011): 119-129, with Sami Hourani and Mohammad Al-Momani.

Governance Challenges in the Face of Transformation,” Journal of Middle East Law and Governance, 2, 2 (August 2010): 113-123, with Stephen Ndegwa.

Elections under Authoritarianism,” Annual Review of Political Science, 12 (2009): 403-422, with Jennifer Gandhi.

The Case for Peace before Disarmament,” Survival 51, 4 (August-September 2009): 1-21, with Matthew Longo.

“Legislative Elections in Authoritarian Regimes: Competitive Clientelism and Regime Stability,” Journal of Democracy 20, 3 (July 2009): 122-135.

Reinforcing Informal Institutions through Authoritarian Elections: Insights from Jordan,” Middle East Law and Governance, 1, 1 (January 2009): 3-37.

National and Sub-National Identity: State Policies and Implications in the Context of Regional Instability,” Quaderni di Relazioni Internazionali 5 (October 2007): 14-25.

Elections under Authoritarianism: Preliminary Lessons from Jordan,” Democratization, 13, 3 (May 2006): 455-470.

Problems and Prospects for Democratic Settlements: South Africa as a Model for the Middle East and Northern Ireland?” Politics and Society 33, 2 (June 2005): 1-50, with Courtney Jung and Ian Shapiro.

Divided They Rule: The Management and Manipulation of Political Opposition,” Comparative Politics 36, 2 (January 2004): 159-181.

Coalitions and Conflict: The Case of the Palestinian-Israeli Negotiations over the West Bank,” Journal of Conflict Management and Peace Science 19, 2 (Fall 2002): 23-58, with A.F.K. Organski.

“Rulers and Rules: Reassessing Electoral Laws and Political Liberalization in the Middle East,” Comparative Political Studies 35, 3 (April 2002): 337-370, with Amaney Jamal.

The Decline of Jordanian Political Parties: Myth or Reality?” International Journal of Middle East Studies 33, 4 (November 2001): 545-570.

“The Tug of War Over the Status of Jerusalem: Leaders, Strategies and Outcomes,” International Interactions 23, 3-4 (Fall 1997): 333-350, with A.F.K. Organski.

Failure of Collaboration: The Case of Armenian Refugees in Syria,” Middle Eastern Studies 32, 1 (January 1996): 53-69.

Reports:
Libyan Political Party Baseline Assessment,” National Democratic Institute (July 2013), with Alexander Kjaerum, Line Fly Pedersen, and Jakob Mathias Wichmann. (Available in English and Arabic.)

Libyan Parliamentary Election Study,” National Democratic Institute (June 2013), with Alexander Kjaerum, Line Fly Pedersen, and Jakob Mathias Wichmann. (Available in English and Arabic.)

“The Political Economy of Transition in Egypt: Processes, Actors, Challenges and Prospects,” World Bank Report (March 2013), with Ibrahim Saif and Jakob Wichmann.

“Social Networks and Elections in the Arab World,” UNDP Report (January 2013).

Tunisian Post-Election Survey: Presentation of Initial Results,” unpublished media briefing in Arabic and English (December 2012)

“Electoral Programming and Trade-offs in Transitions: Lessons from Egypt and Tunisia,” CDRL-Brooking Institute (May 2012).

“Political Economy Assessment, Jordan,” United Nations Development Program (2011), with Ibrahim Saif.

“Reform in Syria: Steering between the Chinese Model and Regime Change,” Carnegie Working Paper, 69 (July 2006).

“Confronting the Challenges Facing Palestinian Youth,” RAND Working Paper, (September 2001).

Book Chapters:
“Elections and Parties,” in Marc Lynch (ed.), The Arab Uprisings in Comparative Perspective (Columbia University Press, forthcoming).

“Reconsidering Activism in the Arab World: Arab Uprisings and Beyond,” in Lina Khatib and Ellen Lust (eds.), Taking to the Streets: Activism and the Arab Uprisings (Johns Hopkins University Press, forthcoming), with Lina Khatib.

“States, Regimes and Institutions,” in Ellen Lust (Ed.), The Middle East (New York: Sage Press, 2013).

Opposition Cooperation and Uprisings in the Arab World,” in Hendrik Kraetzschmar (ed), The Dynamics of Opposition Cooperation in the Arab World (London: Taylor and Francis, 2012).

“Parties, Preconditions, and Peace: Why Talks Fail and How They Might Succeed,” in Ian Shapiro, The Real World of Democratic Theory (Princeton University Press, 2011), with Ian Shapiro.

“States, Regimes and Institutions,” in Ellen Lust (Ed.), The Middle East (Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2010).

“Problems and Prospects for Democratic Settlements: South Africa as a Model for the Middle East and Northern Ireland?” in Stathis Kalyvas, Ian Shapiro and Tarek Masoud (Eds.), Order, Conflict and Violence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), and in Ian Shapiro, The Real World of Democratic Theory (Princeton University Press, 2011), with Courtney Jung and Ian Shapiro (revised versions of 2005 Politics and Society article.)

“Legislative Elections in Hegemonic Authoritarian Regimes: Competitive Clientelism and Resistance to Democratization,” in Staffan Lindberg (Eds.), Democratization by Elections? (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 2009).

Reform in Syria: Steering between the Chinese Model and Regime Change,” in Marina Ottaway and Julia Choucair (Eds), Beyond the Facade: Political Reform in the Arab World (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2008).

“Taking Political Participation Seriously,” in Ellen Lust-Okar and Saloua Zerhouni (Eds.), Political Participation in the Middle East and North Africa (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2008).

“Elections in Jordan,” in Ellen Lust-Okar and Saloua Zerhouni (Eds.), Political Participation in the Middle East and North Africa (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2008).

“Elections in Authoritarian Regimes: Catalysts for, or Obstacles to, Reform?” in Anthony Langlois and Karol Soltan (Eds.), Democracy and Globalization (Routledge, 2008).

Elections under Authoritarianism: Preliminary Lessons from Jordan,” in Francesco Cavatorta and Frederico Volpi (Eds.), Democratization in the Muslim World: Changing Patterns of Authority and Power (Routlege, 2007). (Revision of May 2006 Democratization article.)

“The Management of Opposition: Formal Structures of Contestation and Informal Political Manipulation in Egypt, Jordan and Morocco,” in Oliver Schlumberger (Ed.), Arab Authoritarianism: Dynamics and Durability (Stanford University Press, 2007).

“Economic Crises and Opposition Dynamics in Morocco and Jordan,” in Marsha Pripstein Posusney and Michele Penner Angrist (Eds.), Authoritarianism in the Middle East:  Regimes and Resistance (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2005).

“Foreign Policy Choices and Domestic Politics: A Re-examination of the Link Between Domestic and International Conflict,” in Frank Harvey and Ben Mor (Eds), New Perspectives in International Interactions (New York: MacMillan, 1998), with Paul K. Huth.

Short Academic-Oriented Interventions:
After the Arab Spring: Islamism, Secularism and Democracy,” Current History (December 2012).

Debate: Change and Continuity in Elections after the Arab Uprisings,” Swiss Political Science Review, 18, 1 (March 2012): 110-113.

“Comparative Politics of the Middle East and Academic Freedom,” CP-APSA Newsletter, (January 2007), with Lisa Anderson, Steven Heydemann and Mark Tessler.

“Israeli Elections 2003: What Likud’s Victory Doesn’t Tell You,” Yale Israel Journal 1 (Spring 2003): 3-7.

Democracy in the Middle East,” Wilson Quarterly 28, 3 (Summer 2004): 3.

“Decline of the ‘Radical State’: Jordan and Syria,” in “The Impact of 9/11 on the Middle East,” Middle East Policy 9, 4 (December 2002): 86-87.

Bashar al-Asad’s Rise to the Presidency: Its Meaning and Implications,” in “Political Succession in the Middle East,” Middle East Policy 9, 3 (September 2002): 113-114.

Op-Eds and Other Contributions to Public Debate (Last 2 years):
Winners and Losers After Arab Spring,” YaleGlobal. August 27, 2013, with Lindsay Benstead, Dhafer Malouche, Gamal Soltan and Jakob Wichmann. Reprinted as “After the Arab Spring,” in OutlookIndia.com (August 27, 2013).

It’s Morning in Libya: Why Democracy Marches On,” ForeignAffairs.com. August 6, 2013, with Lindsay Benstead and Jakob Wichmann. Reprinted in Forum Research Council of National Endowment for Democracy (August 7, 2013).

Egypt’s Swinging Centre,” Al-Jazeera English, July 26, 2013, with Gamal Soltan and Jakob Wichmann.

Islamists aren’t the Obstacle: How to Build Democracy in Egypt and Tunisia,” ForeignAffairs.com, February 25, 2013, with Lindsay Benstead, Dhafer Malouche, Gamal Soltan and Jakob Wichmann.

POMEPS Conversations with Ellen Lust” Arab Channel, ForeignPolicy.com, February 13, 2013.

Jordan Elections offer a Test of Recent Reforms,” The Carter Center, January 22, 2013.

Tunisian Revolution is a Work in Progress,” YaleGlobal, December 19, 2012, with Lindsay Benstead and Dhafer Malouche.

Tunisian Politics and Data Analysis,” interview by Adnan Chaouchi, also with Lindsay
Benstead and Dhafer Malouche on Radio Tunis (December 13, 2012, available on YouTube).

Tunisians Frustrated but Engaged,” ForeignPolicy.com, December 11, 2012, with Lindsay Benstead and Dhafer Malouche. Reprinted as “Tunisians Do Not Want a Second Revolution, Despite Their Dissatisfaction,” in The Daily Star in Lebanon (January 13, 2013), as “Tunisian Revolution is Work in Progress,” in Epoch Times (December 29, 2012).

Three Myths about the Arab Uprisings,” YaleGlobal, July 24, 2012, with Jakob Wichmann. Reprinted in The Daily Star in Lebanon (August 3, 2012), by RealClearWorld.com (July 25, 2012), as “Three Myths” by OutlookIndia.com (July 30, 2012), and in Singapore, and Denmark (in Danish).

The Presidential Election in Egypt – Who Voted for Whom, and Why?” (in Arabic), insert in Al-Ahram, June 14, 2012, with Tarek Masoud and Jakob Wichmann.

Turning to the Local,” in Arab Uprisings: New Opportunities in Political Science (June 12, 2012).

Voting for Change: Pitfalls and Possibilities in Arab Transitions’ Elections,” Democracy Digest, May 25, 2012 (excerpt from report published by Program on Arab Reform and Democracy and Brookings Doha Center.)

Taking Syria’s elections seriously,” ForeignPolicy.com, May 11, 2012.

Why Now? Micro-Transitions and the Arab Uprisings,” Comparative Politics-Democratization Newsletter (Fall 2011).

Allies should beware of blank checks,” NYT Room for Debate, February 1, 2012.

Morocco elections aren’t a model for the Arab Spring as West claims,” Christian Science Monitor, November 28, 2011.

Hope on Egypt’s Hair-raising road to Democracy,” CNN.com, November 22, 2011.

We Are All Khaled Said: An Interview with the Administrators of the Facebook Page that Fueled the Egyptian Revolution,” Boston Review on-line, November 3, 2011, with Anver Emon and Audrey Macklin.

Vote a Critical Hurdle for Tunisia,” CNN.com, October 22, 2011.

Bin Laden’s Dead, but Challenges Remain,” PBS Need to Know, May 11, 2011.

Egypt’s Power Shift: From President to Parliament –through PR,” NED Democracy Digest (DemDigest.net), February 22, 2011.

A Parliament with Proportionality,” New York Times Room for Debate, February 18, 2011.

“Ten Reasons Israel Shouldn’t Worry,” Haaretz (in Hebrew), February 16, 2011.

Tracking the Ripple Effect,” Los Angeles Times, February 16, 2011.

Interview, Radio Times (NPR Call-In Show), February 3, 2011.

Enhancing Egypt’s Democratic Process: Support the Process, Not the Players,” NED Democracy Digest (DemDigest.net), February 2, 2011.

President Obama: Here is Your ‘Game Changer,’” ForeignPolicy.com, January 29, 2011, with Amaney Jamal and Tarek Masoud.

Analyst Sees Tunisian Unrest as Promising, Warning to the Arab World,” Voice of America, January 20, 2011.